<![CDATA[Upsum]]>https://upsum.news/https://upsum.news/static/images/upsum-logo-share-twitter.pngUpsumhttps://upsum.news/RSS for NodeFri, 03 Apr 2020 03:12:00 GMTFri, 03 Apr 2020 03:11:59 GMT60<![CDATA[What is the 1922 Committee and why is it called that?]]>

What is the Conservative party's 1922 committee, and how did it get its name?

The 1922 Committee is the group of backbench Conservative MPs, ie those who are not ministers or junior ministers. The committee meets weekly and usually comes into the news when there is talk of a leadership bid in the party. The leader of the committee is charged with organising and overseeing the election, even though all Conservative MPs are eligible to vote, not just members of the committee.

It gets its name because when it was created it was made up from the MPs who had been elected in 1922, though its first meeting did not take place until 1923.

https://upsum.news/questions/5bee999c69650d004f268f0ehttps://upsum.news/questions/5bee999c69650d004f268f0eFri, 16 Nov 2018 10:19:08 GMT
<![CDATA[What are rules for Tory leadership contests?]]>

How does the Conservative party leadership election work, and what is the role of the 1922 committee?

To challenge a leader, 15% of Conservative MPs need to write letters demanding a confidence votes. The letters go to the chairman of the party's backbench group, known as the 1922 committee. As of 2018 there are 315 Conservative MPs so it needs 48 letters. If there are the requisite number, there is a leadership election of all Conservative MPs. If the sitting leader wins, he or she remains in office and cannot be challenged for another 12 months. If he or she loses, they must resign and may not stand in a subsequent leadership election.

https://upsum.news/questions/5bee989569650d004f268f0dhttps://upsum.news/questions/5bee989569650d004f268f0dFri, 16 Nov 2018 10:14:45 GMT
<![CDATA[What is a vassal state?]]>

Boris Johnson and Jacob Rees-Mogg warn that the UK would become a 'vassal state' under the Brexit deal supported by Theresa May.

A vassal state is one which is completely subordinate to another. The word 'vassal' refers to the ruler of the ruling country, and is a term derived from feudal terminology.


Merriam Webster [https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/vassal] Wikipedia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vassal_state]

https://upsum.news/questions/5bee972669650d004f268f0chttps://upsum.news/questions/5bee972669650d004f268f0cFri, 16 Nov 2018 10:08:38 GMT
<![CDATA[What did John McEnroe say about Serena Williams?]]>

What did former tennis player John McEnroe say about Serena Williams?

John McEnroe said: "If she played the men's circuit she'd be, like, 700 in the world... That doesn't mean I don't think Serena is an incredible player, and I suppose anything's possible; maybe at some point a women's tennis player can be better than anybody... I just haven't seen that in any other sport, and I haven't seen it in tennis. If she had to just play the men's circuit, it would be an entirely different story.

Williams replied on Twitter: "Dear John, I adore and respect you but please please keep me out of your statements that are not factually based... I've never played anyone ranked "there" nor do I have time. Respect me and my privacy as I'm trying to have a baby. Good day sir."


BBC Sport: McEnroe statement

Twitter: Serena Williams

https://upsum.news/questions/59522c966a941a00d148d957https://upsum.news/questions/59522c966a941a00d148d957Tue, 27 Jun 2017 09:59:50 GMT
<![CDATA[Why is Salvador Dali being exhumed?]]>

Why are they digging up artist Salvador Dali's body?

A court in Madrid has ordered Dali's body to be exhumed so traces of DNA can be recovered to prove if a woman who claims to be his daughter is right. There are no other samples of his body remaining which could the DNA results needed. Dali died in 1989. The foundation named after him is going to appeal against the ruling.



https://upsum.news/questions/5952283a6a941a00d148d956https://upsum.news/questions/5952283a6a941a00d148d956Tue, 27 Jun 2017 09:41:14 GMT
<![CDATA[Why isn't the Queen wearing the crown for the Queen's Speech?]]>The official reason that the Queen is not wearing the crown for the Queen's Speech in Parliament on 21 June 2017 is that it was too soon after the Trooping the Colour parade to organise a formal procession in full costumes. However there might be something else going on. One thing is that the speech is being downplayed because the Government doesn't have a majority and can't implement many of its manifesto commitments. Another possible reason was raised by TV producer Daniel Brittain who has been involved in covering state occasions, wh said the physical stress of wearing the crown might have been an issue. It weights more than 1kg and the Queen is 91. "Just imagine walking round with a bag of flour on your head," he told the BBC's Today programme. The crown will be carried before the Queen, as it was for Queen Victoria.


BBC R4 Today

https://upsum.news/questions/594a47846a941a00d148d955https://upsum.news/questions/594a47846a941a00d148d955Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:16:36 GMT
<![CDATA[What happened with the BBC News at Ten going off air?]]>

What made the BBC News at Ten crash?

Just before the BBC News at Ten went on air on 20 June, the computer systems crashed meaning the headlines could not run as planned. It took four minutes for the programme to start properly and even then it used "breaking news" graphics rather than their usual ones. Programme editor Paul Royall tweeted afterwards: "FYI technical system crash seconds before 10. Director had to switch to a back-up system ASAP. @huwbbc doing great job #BBCNewsTen"


Twitter: Paul Royall

https://upsum.news/questions/594a45dd6a941a00d148d954https://upsum.news/questions/594a45dd6a941a00d148d954Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:09:33 GMT
<![CDATA[Why is Ed Miliband doing a radio show?]]>

Why is the former Labour leader sitting in for Jeremy Vine?

It's all about maintaining a media profile. He will be followed as guest host of Radio 2's Jeremy Vine show by Iain Duncan Smith. A BBC spokesman sad: "Both Ed and Iain have held crucial roles in political life, and will bring unique perspectives and insight to the programme."


The Guardian

https://upsum.news/questions/594a44146a941a00d148d953https://upsum.news/questions/594a44146a941a00d148d953Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:01:56 GMT
<![CDATA[Why is Daniel Day-Lewis retiring?]]>

Why is three-times Oscar winner actor Daniel Day-Lewis retiring?

He's not saying, though he is 60. In a statement his publicist said: "Daniel Day-Lewis will no longer be working as an actor. He is immensely grateful to all of his collaborators and audiences over the many years. This is a private decision and neither he nor his representatives will make any further comment on this subject."



https://upsum.news/questions/594a43096a941a00d148d952https://upsum.news/questions/594a43096a941a00d148d952Wed, 21 Jun 2017 09:57:29 GMT
<![CDATA[When will interest rates go up?]]>

What is the current thinking about when interest rates in the UK will go up?

Mark Carney, the governor of the Bank of England, said on 20 June 2017 that now was not the right time for interest rates to start going up from their historic low levels. This means they probably won't rise in the next few months. He said: "From my perspective, given the mixed signals on consumer spending and business investment, and given the still subdued domestic inflationary pressures, in particular anaemic wage growth, now is not yet the time to begin [interest rate increases]... In the coming months, I would like to see the extent to which weaker consumption growth is offset by other components of demand, whether wages begin to firm, and more generally, how the economy reacts to the prospect of tighter financial conditions and the reality of Brexit negotiations."


BBC News: Mark Carney speech at Mansion House

https://upsum.news/questions/594a42076a941a00d148d951https://upsum.news/questions/594a42076a941a00d148d951Wed, 21 Jun 2017 09:53:11 GMT
<![CDATA[What sort of Brexit does Philip Hammond want]]>

What kind of Brexit, hard or soft, does the chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond want?

Philip Hammond says Brexit should put "jobs and prosperity first, that reassures employers that they will still be able to access the talent they need, that keeps our market for goods, services and capital open, achieves early agreement on transitional arrangements so trade can carry on flowing smoothly". He also said border checks between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland should be as "frictionless as possible".

This is a contrast to those who say the priority for Brexit should be about controlling immigration and withdrawing from any kind of jurisdiction for the European Court of Justice.


BBC News: Philip Hammond Mansion House speech 20 June 2017

https://upsum.news/questions/594a40d96a941a00d148d950https://upsum.news/questions/594a40d96a941a00d148d950Wed, 21 Jun 2017 09:48:09 GMT
<![CDATA[What did North Korea do to Otto Warmbier]]>

What happened to American student Otto Warmbier while he was in North Korea?

Student Otto Warmbier has died after returning to the United States from North Korea where he was imprisoned for allegedly trying to steal a propaganda sign from a hotel. While in custody, the North Koreans said, Warmbier had contracted botulism which had led to paralysis. He had been given a sleeping pill and had been in a coma ever since. However US doctors said they found no trace of botulism in his system, and though cannot yet specify what did happen to him in custody, concluded he had suffered a "severe neurological injury" which led to an extensive lost of brain tissue.


BBC News

https://upsum.news/questions/5948e8aa6a941a00d148d94fhttps://upsum.news/questions/5948e8aa6a941a00d148d94fTue, 20 Jun 2017 09:19:38 GMT
<![CDATA[Was the attack at Finsbury Park mosque terrorism?]]>

Does the attack when a man drove a bus into worshippers at Finsbury Park mosque count as terrorism?

Police are treating it as a terrorist incident. There is no universally accepted definition of "terrorism" as such, but it is widely agreed that to be classed as terrorism, an attack must be violence or a threat of violence against civilians with a "political, religious or ideological" motive, and must intend to affect more than the people immediately attacked. Home Secretary Amber Rudd said police were treating the Finsbury Park attack as a terrorist incident.


Wikipedia: Terrorism

BBC News: Amber Rudd statement

https://upsum.news/questions/59479d496a941a00d148d94ehttps://upsum.news/questions/59479d496a941a00d148d94eMon, 19 Jun 2017 09:45:45 GMT
<![CDATA[What did Malcolm Turnbull say about Trump?]]>

How did the Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull mock Donald Trump, comments which were recorded now released to the media?

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull mocked US President Trump during a press event in Canberra. He expected the event to be off the record, but someone recorded it and released the audio. He is heard impersonating Trump, saying:

""It was beautiful. It was the most beautiful putting-me-at-ease ever.... The Donald and I, we are winning and winning in the polls. We are winning so much. We are winning like we have never won before... We are winning in the polls. We are! We are! Not the fake polls, not the fake polls, they're the ones we're not winning in. We're winning in the real polls. You know, the online polls. They are so easy to win. I know that. Did you know that? I kind of know that. They are so easy to win... I have this Russian guy...Believe me, it's true, it is true..."


Daily Telegraph

https://upsum.news/questions/59424a126a941a00d148d94dhttps://upsum.news/questions/59424a126a941a00d148d94dThu, 15 Jun 2017 08:49:22 GMT
<![CDATA[What is corporate manslaughter?]]>

What constitutes an offence of corporate manslaughter? Who can be prosecuted for it and what are the punishments?

Corporate manslaughter is in English law an offence which companies, corporations or public bodies can be given unlimited fines for, and happens when its activities "are managed or organised [in a way which] causes a person's death; and amounts to a gross breach of a relevant duty of care owed by the organisation to the deceased". The activities have to be managed or organised by the organisation's senior management to qualify for a prosecution.


Crown Prosecution Service: Corporate Manslaughter

https://upsum.news/questions/594247d66a941a00d148d94chttps://upsum.news/questions/594247d66a941a00d148d94cThu, 15 Jun 2017 08:39:50 GMT
<![CDATA[What has David Lammy MP said about the Grenfell Tower fire?]]>

What did the Tottenham MP David Lammy say about the fire in Kensington?

Speaking on Radio 4's Today Programme, he said:

"This is the richest borough in the country treating its citizens in this way and we should call it what it is, it’s corporate manslaughter. That’s what it is and there should be arrests made, frankly. It is an outrage. Many of us across the country have been caught up in an election, knocking on housing estate doors right across the country, travelling up to the top floors of tower blocks and we know as politicians that the conditions in this country are unacceptable. We built buildings in the 70s, those 70s buildings - many of them should be demolished. They haven’t got easy fire escapes, they haven’t got sprinklers, it’s totally totally unacceptable in Britain that this is allowed to happen and people lose their lives in this way. People should be held to account."


Twitter: David Lammy MP

https://upsum.news/questions/594246236a941a00d148d94bhttps://upsum.news/questions/594246236a941a00d148d94bThu, 15 Jun 2017 08:32:35 GMT
<![CDATA[Why has Tim Farron quit as Lib Dem leader?]]>It's because he can't reconcile being a party leader with being a Christian. He said: "The consequences of the focus on my faith is that I have found myself torn between living as a faithful Christian and serving as a political leader. A better, wiser person may have been able to deal with this more successfully, to remain faithful to Christ while leading a political party in the current environment. To be a leader, particularly of a progressive Liberal party in 2017 and to live as a committed Christian and to hold faithful to the Bible's teaching has felt impossible for me."

https://upsum.news/questions/594183dc6a941a00d148d94ahttps://upsum.news/questions/594183dc6a941a00d148d94aWed, 14 Jun 2017 18:43:40 GMT
<![CDATA[Which countries are in the EU?]]>The members of the EU are:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Ireland
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Spain
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom (due to leave by 2019)


Members of the EU

https://upsum.news/questions/593fa9206a941a00d148d949https://upsum.news/questions/593fa9206a941a00d148d949Tue, 13 Jun 2017 08:58:08 GMT
<![CDATA[What's the difference between the EU, the single market and the customs union?]]>The EU is the formal club of 28 countries, which will become 27 after Brexit.

The single market is the name given to those countries plus others such as Norway which trade freely with each other without tariffs, quotas or taxes on trade. It also requires free movement of goods, services, capital and - crucially - people. This means members of the single market must allow citizens of other countries to come and live and work.

The customs union is larger than the single market - it includes Turkey. It doesn't cover every area of the economy (eg not agriculture) but allows free trade within the union and agrees tariffs to countries outside it. From a Brexit point of view, it would allow the current soft border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland to continue. But it would mean the UK could not negotiate its own trade deals with other countries, eg China.


More info: BBC News

https://upsum.news/questions/593fa80d6a941a00d148d948https://upsum.news/questions/593fa80d6a941a00d148d948Tue, 13 Jun 2017 08:53:33 GMT
<![CDATA[What is the Queen's Speech?]]>The Queen's Speech is when the UK monarch reads a speech (written for her by the prime minister of the day) which sets out all the bills that the government is going to introduce that year. It's a speech to both Houses of Parliament and is an occasion of serious pomp and ceremony, along with political significance.

https://upsum.news/questions/593ed0c96a941a00d148d947https://upsum.news/questions/593ed0c96a941a00d148d947Mon, 12 Jun 2017 17:35:05 GMT
<![CDATA[What is the 1922 Committee?]]>

What's the 1922 backbenchers' committee of the Conservative party?

The 1922 Committee is a weekly meeting of all Conservative backbench MPs, and represents their views to the party leader. It is chaired by a senior backbench MP - currently Graham Brady MP for Altrincham and Sale West. It is his job to oversee the election of party leader.

https://upsum.news/questions/593eb1b56a941a00d148d946https://upsum.news/questions/593eb1b56a941a00d148d946Mon, 12 Jun 2017 15:22:29 GMT
<![CDATA[Why is the Queen's Speech written on goatskin paper?]]>The Queen's Speech is written on so-called "goatskin paper" which is not actually made from goats, but which is of extremely high quality and designed to last for 500 years. The UK does still print its laws on vellum - made from calfskin - as it has done for centuries. Copies of Magna Carta, written on vellum in 1215, are still around today.

https://upsum.news/questions/593eaf226a941a00d148d945https://upsum.news/questions/593eaf226a941a00d148d945Mon, 12 Jun 2017 15:11:30 GMT
<![CDATA[Is the Guardian going tabloid?]]>

Is the Guardian newspaper becoming a tabloid?

Although unconfirmed by the newspaper it has been reported that the Guardian is to be redesigned to become a tabloid newspaper. It is currently printed in a small broadsheet format known as a "Berliner" style, as is its Sunday paper The Observer, but the cost of running its presses is reportedly too much to sustain. Instead it is reported to have reached agreement with Trinity Mirror for it to be printed on tabloid presses.


Daily Telegraph

https://upsum.news/questions/593e67446a941a00d148d944https://upsum.news/questions/593e67446a941a00d148d944Mon, 12 Jun 2017 10:04:52 GMT
<![CDATA[Who is in the UK cabinet?]]>

What jobs in the UK government are held by which people, including Damien Green, Michael Gove, Liz Truss, Boris Johnson and Philip Hammond?

  • Prime Minister: Theresa May
  • First Secretary of State: Damian Green
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer: Philip Hammond
  • Home Secretary: Amber Rudd
  • Foreign Secretary: Boris Johnson
  • Defence: Sir Michael Fallon
  • Exiting the European Union: David Davis
  • International Trade, President of the Board of Trade: Dr Liam Fox
  • Justice, Lord Chancellor: David Lidington
  • Education, Women and Equalities:Justine Greening
  • Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy: Dr Greg Clark
  • Health: Jeremy Hunt
  • Work and Pensions: David Gauke
  • Leader of the House of Lords: Baroness Evans of Bowes Park
  • Transport: Chris Grayling
  • Communities and Local Government: Sajid Javid
  • Scotland: David Mundell
  • Wales: Alun Cairns
  • Northern Ireland: James Brokenshire
  • Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: Michael Gove
  • International Development: Priti Patel
  • Culture, Media and Sport: Karen Bradley
https://upsum.news/questions/593e665c6a941a00d148d943https://upsum.news/questions/593e665c6a941a00d148d943Mon, 12 Jun 2017 10:01:00 GMT
<![CDATA[What is a 'confidence and supply arrangement'?]]>

What does it mean when a government has a confidence and supply arrangement with another party?

A confidence and supply arrangement means an agreement between a governing party which does not have a majority and a smaller party in which the latter will not vote to bring down the government on a vote of confidence, and will vote to support its budget so that the functions of government have the supply of money to operate. They may back the government in other votes too, but these are not necessary to the arrangement.

https://upsum.news/questions/593e62726a941a00d148d942https://upsum.news/questions/593e62726a941a00d148d942Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:44:18 GMT
<![CDATA[What are the DUP's policies?]]>

What policies does the Democratic Unionist Party have?

In the 2017 election, the DUP's manifesto included the following policies:

  • Protect Northern Ireland’s place in the United Kingdom
  • Restore devolution at Stormont as quickly as possible
  • Resist attempts to "rewrite" NI's troubled past and assist innocent victims in obtaining justice
  • Ensure there is a "frictionless" border between NI and the Republic of Ireland
  • Ensure NI has ability to opt in to EU funding when it is proven to add value
  • End jurisdiction of European Court of Justice and increase control over UK laws
  • Reduce NI’s corporation tax rate to at least 12.5
  • Support the maintenance of the pensions ‘triple lock’

Although not in its manifesto, the DUP opposes changes to the abortion laws in Northern Ireland which restrict abortion to cases where there is permanent or serious risk to a woman's mental or physical health, and do not include rape or incest. It opposes gay marriage. And one of its prominent figures, Sammy Wilson, who was environment minister, denies climate change.


DUP Manifesto

Irish News: Other DUP policies

https://upsum.news/questions/593e61af6a941a00d148d941https://upsum.news/questions/593e61af6a941a00d148d941Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:41:03 GMT
<![CDATA[Who is Arlene Foster?]]>

Who is Arlene Foster, the leader of the DUP?

Arlene Foster is the leader of the DUP (Democratic Unionist Party) and was first minister of Northern Ireland in 2016-7. She became leader of the party in 2015, but has been a controversial figure because of her role in the "cash for ash" scandal in which businesses were overpaid for using green energy schemes - something which cost the public £500m. It was for this that Sinn Fein under the late Martin McGuinness refused to work with her, meaning that elections were called.

https://upsum.news/questions/593e5e6b6a941a00d148d940https://upsum.news/questions/593e5e6b6a941a00d148d940Mon, 12 Jun 2017 09:27:07 GMT
<![CDATA[What is a 'hard Brexit'?]]>

What's the difference between a hard and soft Brexit?

A 'hard' Brexit means the UK not just leaving the EU, but also leaving the single market. This would mean the UK not being able to trade with other European countries as if it were still part of the EU - but would also mean having to accept EU terms such as allowing the free movement of EU citizens. It could also include a hard border (ie with customs controls) between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

https://upsum.news/questions/593e5c7e6a941a00d148d93fhttps://upsum.news/questions/593e5c7e6a941a00d148d93fMon, 12 Jun 2017 09:18:54 GMT
<![CDATA[Is Boris Johnson going to try to become prime minister?]]>

After the bad election result for the Conservatives and Theresa May, is foreign secretary Boris Johnson going to try to become prime minister?

He says not - though he is well known for having the desire to become prime minister. In an article in the Sun, Johnson wrote that Theresa May's election result had been a "stunning achievement" and that she deserved the support of the party. He wrote:

"And she will certainly get it from me... To those that say the PM should step down, or that we need another election or even - God help us - a second referendum, I say come off it. Get a grip, everyone. This is the third year running that we have forced the people out to the polls. This is the third year running that they have been accosted at stations and asked for their support, or had campaign literature thrust into their hands."

That is not to say, of course, that if Mrs May was forced to resign that Mr Johnson wouldn't be interested in the job.


The Sun

https://upsum.news/questions/593e5b3d6a941a00d148d93ehttps://upsum.news/questions/593e5b3d6a941a00d148d93eMon, 12 Jun 2017 09:13:33 GMT
<![CDATA[What did Theresa May say about running through fields of wheat?]]>In an interview on ITV News, Mrs was asked:

Etchingham: What’s the naughtiest thing you ever did?

May: Oh, goodness me. Well, I suppose… gosh. Do you know I’m not quite sure. I can’t think what the naughtiest thing…

Etchingham: There must’ve been a moment when…

May: Well, nobody is ever perfectly behaved, are they? I mean, you know, there are times when… I have to confess, when me and my friend, sort of, used to run through the fields of wheat, the farmers weren’t too pleased about that.’


ITV News

https://upsum.news/questions/593795fa6a941a00d148d93dhttps://upsum.news/questions/593795fa6a941a00d148d93dWed, 07 Jun 2017 05:58:18 GMT
<![CDATA[What is Apple's 'do not disturb' status?]]>

What is the new 'do not disturb' feature for iPhones?

A new feature announced by Apple at its WWDC conference would automatically respond to texts sent to iPhones which were connected to cars with a message saying the recipient is driving and unable to respond at that moment. Motoring groups have welcomed the announcement - it's not yet clear exactly how it would work.

https://upsum.news/questions/593792a56a941a00d148d93chttps://upsum.news/questions/593792a56a941a00d148d93cWed, 07 Jun 2017 05:44:05 GMT
<![CDATA[Is Theresa May proposing changing human rights law?]]>

Does the prime minister want to end human rights laws to catch terrorists?

In a pre-election speech on 6 June 2017, Mrs May said: "I'm clear: if human rights laws get in the way of tackling extremism and terrorism, we will change those laws to keep British people safe."

The BBC said shortly after that party officials had clarified that the prime minister did not mean withdrawing from the European Convention on Human Rights, but just "derogating" from it - ie a relaxation of the law in specific areas. Countries are permitted to do this in times of national emergency - for instance France has done it following terrorist attacks. But it is not clear if that counts as changing laws.


Twitter: Theresa May

Twitter: BBC's Laura Kuenssberg

Council of Europe on French derogation

https://upsum.news/questions/59378f386a941a00d148d93bhttps://upsum.news/questions/59378f386a941a00d148d93bWed, 07 Jun 2017 05:29:28 GMT
<![CDATA[What is the Prevent strategy?]]>

What is the UK government's Prevent strategy for tackling Islamic fundamentalism?

The Prevent Strategy is part of the UK Government's anti terrorism programme. Its aim is to identify people who are susceptible to radicalisation and then to try to prevent them from taking action. It relies on the co-operation of the community - teachers, parents, religious leaders etc - to identify people they are worried are becoming radicalised. It is not just about Islamic fundamentalism - in some parts of the UK there are more cases of right-wing extremism reported. Prevent is controversial though - the government says it has prevented 150 people from going to fight in Syria and Iraq, but some people say it can be counterproductive and alienate people.


More info: BBC News

https://upsum.news/questions/593668186a941a00d148d93ahttps://upsum.news/questions/593668186a941a00d148d93aTue, 06 Jun 2017 08:30:16 GMT
<![CDATA[Has the number of armed officers in the UK gone up or down?]]>

Are there more armed police in the UK?

In March 2010 there were 6,976 authorised firearms officers in the UK police. In March 2016 this had fallen to 5,639.


Twitter: Home Office figs quoted by Times

https://upsum.news/questions/5935356e6a941a00d148d939https://upsum.news/questions/5935356e6a941a00d148d939Mon, 05 Jun 2017 10:41:50 GMT
<![CDATA[What has Steve Hilton said about Theresa May resigning?]]>

What has David Cameron's former aide Steve Hilton said about the prime minister resigning?

Steve Hilton, who was a key advisor to David Cameron before leaving in 2012, criticised Theresa May's response to the London Bridge terrorist attack, saying she was responsible for the security failings which allowed it to happen. The statement came on the day he launched a new TV programme on Fox News.


Twitter: Steve Hilton tweet

https://upsum.news/questions/593533d36a941a00d148d938https://upsum.news/questions/593533d36a941a00d148d938Mon, 05 Jun 2017 10:34:59 GMT
<![CDATA[Is Qatar still going to host the World Cup?]]>

Will the 2022 World Cup still be held in Qatar?

Several Arab states including Saudi Arabia and Egypt are blocking access to Qatar in a row over support for Iran, which is seen by many as supporting terrorist groups. Qatar has denied any support and there is no indication yet that this row will have any impact on plans for the 2022 World Cup.


BBC News

https://upsum.news/questions/593532526a941a00d148d937https://upsum.news/questions/593532526a941a00d148d937Mon, 05 Jun 2017 10:28:34 GMT
<![CDATA[Why is Qatar being cut off by Arab countries?]]>

Saudi Arabia and other countries are blocking flights to and from Qatar - why?

It's all to do with how much Qatar is supporting efforts to put pressure on Iran, which was highlighted by President Trump recently as a sponsor of terrorism. There are also claims that support for groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood and IS has gone through Qatar.

https://upsum.news/questions/593530076a941a00d148d936https://upsum.news/questions/593530076a941a00d148d936Mon, 05 Jun 2017 10:18:47 GMT
<![CDATA[Where can I find party manifestos ahead of the General Election?]]>

Where can I read and download manifestos for political parties standing in the UK 2017 General Election?

Most parties standing for election in the upcoming general election on June 8th have now made their manifestos available to view online and to download as PDF.

Party manifesto websites

Party manifestos in PDF

Additional manifestos for parties in Northern Ireland can be found below.

Nothern Ireland party manifesto websites

Nothern Ireland party manifestos in PDF

https://upsum.news/questions/5931c9f1b10d3d00bb452a83https://upsum.news/questions/5931c9f1b10d3d00bb452a83Fri, 02 Jun 2017 20:26:25 GMT
<![CDATA[Why has Katie Hopkins left LBC?]]>

Why has Katie Hopkins left her talk radio show on LBC?

On the 23rd of May, referring to the Manchester bombing, Katie Hopkins tweeted:

22 dead - number rising. Schofield. Don't you even dare. Do not be part of the problem. We need a final solution. #ManchesterArena

She later deleted this tweet and reposted it with "We need a final solution." changed to "We need a true solution." claiming she had made a typo.

The term "final solution" was used by Nazis to refer to the Holocaust.

Her tweet was reported to the Metropolitan Police as potentially inciting racial or religious hatred and is under police investigation.

Following her remarks, Journalist and author Owen Jones had called for a boycott of the radio station, refusing to do interviews with LBC until she had been sacked.

Neither LBC nor Katie Hopkins have gone into the details about the "joint decision" for her to leave, with LBC saying only "LBC and Katie Hopkins have agreed that Katie will leave LBC effective immediately".


https://upsum.news/questions/59285334b10d3d00bb452a82https://upsum.news/questions/59285334b10d3d00bb452a82Fri, 26 May 2017 16:09:24 GMT
<![CDATA[What do we know about the Manchester attacker?]]>

What do we know about the suicide bomber Salman Abedi?

  • 22 year old Salman Abedi was born in Manchester.
  • He went to Burnage Academy for Boys, before going to the Manchester College then on to Salford University, after which he dropped out.
  • His parents are from Libya and came to the UK fleeing Muammar Gaddafi's regime. They are believed to have returned to Libya following Gaddafi's death.
  • He had a sister and two brothers.
  • His father and brothers have now been detained on suspicion of terrorism related offences.
  • Salman Abedi was known to police and had been reported to the counter-terrorism hotline on multiple separate occasions by friends and members of his mosque as long ago as five years ago and as recently as last year.


https://upsum.news/questions/59284f6fb10d3d00bb452a81https://upsum.news/questions/59284f6fb10d3d00bb452a81Fri, 26 May 2017 15:53:19 GMT
<![CDATA[What is COBRA?]]>

What does it mean when the UK government convenes COBRA and who is involved?

COBRA - referred to as COBR by the UK government - is an acronym that comes from Cabinet Office Briefing Room.

COBRA meetings are crisis response committee meetings held in one of the Cabinet Office buildings in Whitehall, London.

They are usually led by the Prime Minister and can include other ministers, senior police officers, representatives from Association of Chief Police Officers and the Local Government Association. There is no fixed list of members, who is included depends on the reason for the meeting being called.

Meetings are held in response to major domestic and international incidents, including acts of terrorism, major strikes, floods and other natural disasters.


https://upsum.news/questions/5923e5d4b10d3d00bb452a80https://upsum.news/questions/5923e5d4b10d3d00bb452a80Tue, 23 May 2017 07:33:40 GMT
<![CDATA[Has there been a terrorist attack in Manchester?]]>

Have rumours of a terrorist explosion at Manchester Arena in England been confirmed and what do we know about what happened?

A statement from Greater Manchester Police says they are treating it as a terrorist incident.

GM Police have confirmed an explosion, believed to be caused by an explosive device, has killed 22 and injured 59 people as they were leaving an Ariana Grande concert.

The incident happened around 10:30pm on Monday night (22nd of May, 2017) and happened outside the venue, in a public space according to a statement from Manchester Arena.

An additional suspect device was found and detonated in a controlled explosion at around 1:30am, police later confirmed it it was "abandoned clothing".

The American news service NBC News has reported:

Multiple senior U.S. law enforcement officials briefed by British authorities told NBC News that forensic evidence at the scene — including a body found at the blast site — indicated a suicide attack.

Speaking just after 7.00am this morning, Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police Ian Hopkins confirmed a single male attacker as being responsible and the attacker is deceased, but that it has not been established if he acted alone or was working with others.

An emergency number is available for those concerned about loved ones or anyone who may have been in the area 0161 856 9400.

Anyone with concerns is urged to contact the Anti-Terrorist Hotline 0800 787321.


https://upsum.news/questions/59238536b10d3d00bb452a7fhttps://upsum.news/questions/59238536b10d3d00bb452a7fTue, 23 May 2017 00:41:26 GMT
<![CDATA[What does impeached mean?]]>

What does it mean when US presidents are impeached?

Impeachment is when public officials are put on trial for offences. In the case of US presidents, they can be impeached for treason, bribery or other "high crimes and misdemeanours". This means the US House of Representatives makes a case against a president, and then the US Senate decides if they are guilty. If found guilty they would then remove the president from office. Only two presidents, Andrew Jackson and Bill Clinton, have been impeached but both were acquitted by the Senate. Richard Nixon resigned the presidency before he could be impeached.


Wikipedia: Impeachment in the US

https://upsum.news/questions/591ac89cebc55400b1f7091bhttps://upsum.news/questions/591ac89cebc55400b1f7091bTue, 16 May 2017 09:38:36 GMT
<![CDATA[Did Donald Trump break the law by telling the Russians secrets?]]>

Could President Trump be impeached or prosecuted for giving secrets to the Russians?

There are allegations that President Trump told the Russians confidential information in a meeting in the White House. The US President and vice-president have the legal authority to declassify whatever secret information they want, so it is generally agreed that if he did pass on the information it would not amount to a crime and therefore Mr Trump could not be prosecuted or impeached for doing it.

https://upsum.news/questions/591ac714ebc55400b1f7091ahttps://upsum.news/questions/591ac714ebc55400b1f7091aTue, 16 May 2017 09:32:04 GMT
<![CDATA[What did Donald Trump tell the Russians?]]>

What did the US President tell the US ambassador in a meeting in the Oval Office?

It is alleged that Donald Trump told the Russian ambassador and foreign minister classified information relating to ISIS's plan to put bombs on passenger planes. The information had been obtained by one of the US's allies, but was so sensitive that it had not been approved to be spread widely - and certainly not with Russia. There are fears that revealing the information could limit the US's ability to gather intelligence about future threats. The White House denies the story - Trump's national security adviser H R McMaster said that no intelligence sources or methods were discussed. That, however, is not the substance of the allegation, which was reported first in the Washington Post.


Washington Post

https://upsum.news/questions/591ac63bebc55400b1f70919https://upsum.news/questions/591ac63bebc55400b1f70919Tue, 16 May 2017 09:28:27 GMT
<![CDATA[Can too much caffeine kill you?]]>

If you drink too much coffee and caffeinated drinks can it kill you?

A teenager in South Carolina died after apparently drinking too many caffeinated drinks in a short time. In just two hours Davis Cripe drank a latte, a soft drink and an energy drink which caused "caffeine-induced cardiac event causing a probable arrhythmia". Generally medical experts say up to 400mg of caffeine per day is safe for healthy adults - roughly the amount in four cups of brewed coffee, 10 cans of Coca-Cola or two energy drinks.


BBC News

https://upsum.news/questions/591ac402ebc55400b1f70918https://upsum.news/questions/591ac402ebc55400b1f70918Tue, 16 May 2017 09:18:58 GMT
<![CDATA[What did Ian Brady do?]]>

What did the Moors Murderer Ian Brady actually do?

Ian Brady and Myra Hindley murdered five children they had kidnapped from north-east England over an 18-month period. Three of the bodies, those of 12-year-old John Kilbride, 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey, and Edward Evans, 17, were found buried on Saddleworth Moor near Oldham. Brady and Hindley, who died in 2002, became known as the Moors Murderers. In 1985 he admitted killing Pauline Reade, 16, and Keith Bennett, who was 12. Brady was in prison for 51 years until his death on 15 May 2017. Despite pleas he never gave information about where Keith Bennett's body was buried.

https://upsum.news/questions/591ac2cfebc55400b1f70917https://upsum.news/questions/591ac2cfebc55400b1f70917Tue, 16 May 2017 09:13:51 GMT
<![CDATA[Should I pay up if my computer is infected with ransomware?]]>

Should I pay up to get my files back if my computer is infected with ransomware such WannaCry - also known as "Wanna Decryptor" or "Wanna Crypt"?

It's best not to.

If you have recent backups of your data and have no critical files at risk then the safest thing to do is reformat your system and to reinstall Windows and restore your files from a backup (after ensuring your new Windows system is up to date with software patches and installing an AntiVirus package).

Some of the versions of malware have "backdoors" which can be used to disable them. Kaspersky and Trend Micro provide tools which can help you decrypt your data for free and protect your computer against future attack.

Those who have been subject to ransomware in the past and have paid up have reported mixed results. There have been high profile cases, with one hospital paying up to $17,000 where victims did report getting their data back after paying up.

However there is no guarantee you will get anything back and there is no way to hold the ransomers to account if they don't. By paying up you may also be encouraging more ransom attacks.


https://upsum.news/questions/5919b5e0ebc55400b1f70916https://upsum.news/questions/5919b5e0ebc55400b1f70916Mon, 15 May 2017 14:06:24 GMT
<![CDATA[Is my computer at risk from the WannaCry ransomware?]]>

How do I know if my computer is at risk from the WannaCry ransomware - also known as "Wanna Decryptor" or "Wanna Crypt" - that impacted computers around the globe last week?

If you are running Microsoft Windows then your computer may be vulnerable.

  • Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Visa and all earlier versions of Windows are not supported by Microsoft and may be particularly vulnerable.
  • Windows 7 no longer receives mainstream support, but does receive what Microsoft call "extended support", which includes urgent security patches.

Some organisations which still use unsupported versions of Windows, such as Windows XP, pay Microsoft for additional support and security updates that are not available to home users.

If you are not sure if you computer is at risk or if it is already infected you should download and install malware protection from a known vendor such as Kaspersky or Trend Micro who both provide software to help protect computers against ransomware and other malware.

Preventative measures you can take to protect computer include:

  • Ensure all recent Windows Updates are installed and that you are using a supported version of Windows.
  • Ensure your web browser (and other internet software, including any browser plug-ins you have installed, such as Adobe Flash) are up to date.
  • Install AntiVirus protection.
  • Perform regular backups (stored on an external hard drive or USB stick).
  • Don't download or run software that isn't from a reputable vendor.


https://upsum.news/questions/5919b154ebc55400b1f70915https://upsum.news/questions/5919b154ebc55400b1f70915Mon, 15 May 2017 13:47:00 GMT
<![CDATA[What is Trumponomics?]]>Trumponomics refers to the economic policies of President Donald Trump, which focus on lowering taxes, a rebalancing of trade deals in America's favour and increased spending on infrastructure and defence.

Speaking to The Economist, President Donald Trump said:

“It really has to do with self-respect as a nation. It has to do with trade deals that have to be fair.”


https://upsum.news/questions/5919acd6ebc55400b1f70914https://upsum.news/questions/5919acd6ebc55400b1f70914Mon, 15 May 2017 13:27:50 GMT